STEPHEN W. SMITH, P.E., P.HGW., L.S.P.
President
Professional Expertise:
  • Groundwater hydrology
  • Software development
  • Aquifer test design and analysis
  • Aquifer/groundwater supply evaluation
  • Groundwater modeling
Education:
  • M.S., Civil Engineering, Groundwater and Hydrology, 1978, Colorado State University
  • B.S., Civil Engineering, Sanitary Engineering, 1975, Lowell Technical Institute
Professional History:
  • 1991 - Current GeoHydroCycle, Inc., President
  • 1988 - 1991 Sasaki Associates, Inc., Senior Associate
  • 1984 - 1988 Metcalf & Eddy, Inc., Senior Project Manager
  • 1982 - 1984 NUS Corporation, Senior Environmental Engineer
  • 1980 - 1982 Goldberg-Zoino & Associates, Project Geohydrologist
  • 1978 - 1980 Barr Engineering Company, Hydrologist/Geohydrologist
Professional Affiliations:
  • National Ground Water Association
  • American Institute of Hydrology
Registrations:
  • Professional Engineer: Massachusetts (#36947)
  • Professional Hydrologist-Ground Water: American Institute of Hydrology (#947)
Professional Board Memberships:
  • Former Member of the Technical Advisory Committee for the Civil an Environmental Engineering Department at the University of Massachusetts at Lowell.
Teaching Experience:
  • University of Massachusetts Lowell, Civil Engineering Faculty. 1991 to Present, Adjunct Professor.  Groundwater Modeling (14.575), three credit graduate course
  • Tufts University's Civil Engineering Faculty, Part-time Lecturer. 1985, Groundwater Hydrology (CE193G)
  • Training seminars in soil identification methods.
Representative Groundwater Projects
  • Purchase, New York, 1988-1989 - Developed and calibrated a 3-dimensional finite difference groundwater model of the bedrock aquifer to evaluate the yield potential and estimate the impacts to nearby wetlands and residential wells from the withdrawal of groundwater for the irrigation of the future Country Club of Purchase. Also, managed the geohydrologic investigation into the capabilities of a bedrock aquifer to irrigate the golf course. The investigation involved a trace fracture analysis, the installation of 3 bedrock wells and 6 surficial monitoring wells, and conducting and evaluating a 2-day bedrock aquifer pump test.
  • Mattapoisett, Massachusetts, 1990 - Used a 3-dimensional groundwater flow and transport model to estimate a bedrock aquifer capability, impacts to adjacent wetlands, and the potential for salt water intrusion due to large irrigation withdrawals from a bedrock aquifer. When the project was reduced in size, the model was easily reformatted to provide the client with revised yield and impact estimates. Also, managed the field investigation of the bedrock aquifer including: a trace fracture analysis, geophysical surveys using conductivity and resistivity, the installation of 5 bedrock wells and 14 surficial monitoring wells, and a 2-day bedrock aquifer pump test.
  • City of Marlborough, Massachusetts, 1990 - Managed a groundwater resource evaluation to identify additional municipal water supplies. The evaluation included a review of previous studies, a test well drilling program, a 2-day aquifer pump test, and using a finite difference model, estimated the yield of the valley aquifer system.
  • Bridgewater, Massachusetts, 1995 - Investigated a surficial aquifer for providing irrigation water for the Olde Scotland Links 18-hole golf course. The study included the analysis of historic pump test data with which to predict environmental impacts due to irrigation. Developed and calibrated a finite difference groundwater flow model to evaluate the aquifer yield potential and estimate the impacts to nearby wetlands and residential wells from the withdrawal of groundwater from a new golf course irrigation well.
  • Paxton, Massachusetts, 1995 - Investigated a bedrock aquifer to assess its capabilities to irrigate a proposed golf course. This investigation included a trace fracture analysis, field measurements of fractures present in local bedrock outcrops, and geophysical surveys very low frequency (VLF) sound.
  • Peabody, Massachusetts, 1997 - Assessed options for providing irrigation water for the Peabody Municipal 18-hole Golf Course, and is to provide services to insure new water supply conforms with all permitting requirements of the Massachusetts DEP.
  • Philipston, Massachusetts, 1997 - Investigated a bedrock aquifer to locate wells for a fish farm. This investigation included a trace fracture analysis, field measurements of fractures present in local bedrock outcrops, and analyses of the data.
  • Salem Chase, New York, 1998 - Investigated a bedrock aquifer to assess its capabilities to provide additional drinking and irrigation water for a 54-home residential community at Salem Chase. This investigation included a fracture trace analysis, field measurements of fractures present in local bedrock outcrops, and geophysical surveys very low frequency (VLF) sound, drilling three bedrock test wells, conducting 2-day bedrock pumping test, and evaluating the results. The evaluation used a finite difference model to estimate the total well yield.
  • Marlborough, Massachusetts, 1998 - Established a preliminary aquifer protection area (Zone II) for a proposed municipal well field using a 3-dimensional groundwater flow model and a groundwater flow path model.
  • Hingham, Massachusetts, 1999-2001 - Investigated a bedrock aquifer to assess its capabilities to irrigate the Black Rock Golf Course. This investigation included the drilling test wells, conducting a 5-day pumping test on successful wells to determine aquifer performance under sustained pumping. Developed and calibrated a 3-dimensional finite difference groundwater model of the bedrock aquifer to evaluate the yield potential and estimate the impacts to nearby wetlands and wells.
  • Ipswich, Massachusetts, 1998-2001 - Investigated a bedrock aquifer to assess its capabilities to irrigate the Turner Hill Golf Course. This investigation included geophysical studies of the bedrock aquifer, the drilling of test wells, conducting a 10-day bedrock pumping test on successful wells to determine aquifer performance. Developed and calibrated a 3-dimensional finite difference groundwater model of the bedrock aquifer to evaluate the yield potential and estimate the impacts to nearby wetlands and wells.
  • Methuen, Massachusetts, 2004-2005 - Investigated a bedrock aquifer to assess its capabilities to provide 18.3 million gallons per season of irrigation water for the Emerald Pines Golf Course. This investigation included exploration of the bedrock aquifer, the drilling six test wells, conducting 5-day pumping test on successful wells to determine aquifer performance. Developed and calibrated a 3-dimensional finite difference groundwater model of the bedrock aquifer to evaluate the yield potential and estimate the impacts to nearby wetlands and wells.
  • Boxford, Massachusetts, 2011-2012 - Currently working on a Water Supply Permit for a new bedrock drinking water well for the Boxford Library. Geohydrologic work to-date has included: bedrock well drilling, conducting a 24-hr pump test of the new well, and well sampling.
  • Wayland, Massachusetts, 1995 - Developed and calibrated a groundwater flow model to determine the aquifer effects of three septic system leaching fields associated with a large development of multifamily residential buildings. Model results were used to determine final septic system design.
  • Easton, Connecticut, 1997 - Developed and calibrated a groundwater flow model to aid in the design and permitting of a 75,000 gallon per day community waste water treatment system.
  • Carlisle Road, Acton, Massachusetts , 1998 - Developed and calibrated a groundwater flow model for a mounding analysis for the design and permitting of a residential community waste water treatment system.
  • Wickes Lumber, Acton, Massachusetts, 1998 - Developed and calibrated a groundwater flow for a mounding analysis for the design and permitting of a residential community waste water treatment system.
  • Summer Street, Acton, Massachusetts, 1998 - Developed and calibrated a groundwater flow model for a mounding analysis for the design and permitting of a residential community waste water treatment system.
  • Acton, Massachusetts, 1998 - Developed and calibrated an analytic groundwater contaminant transport model to estimate the effects of a sewage disposal area on a potential municipal well site.
  • Georgetown, Massachusetts, 2001 - Developed and calibrated a groundwater flow model for mounding analysis for the design and permitting of a residential community waste water treatment system.
  • Duxbury, Massachusetts, 2001-2002 - Developed a groundwater model to predict the nitrogen impacts to a wellhead protection zone due to a planned residential housing development.
  • Concord, Massachusetts, 2003 - Provided geohydrologic services, including observation well installations, aquifer testing and analyses, and groundwater modeling in support of a application for a Groundwater Discharge Permit to discharge 18,000 GPD of treated waste water to groundwater for the Concord Country Club.
  • East Bridgewater, Massachusetts, 2003 - Provided geohydrologic services, including observation well installations, aquifer testing and analyses, and groundwater modeling in support of a application for a Groundwater Discharge Permit to discharge 25,000 GPD of treated wastewater to groundwater for a commercial wastewater facility.
  • Stowe, Massachusetts, 2002-2004 - Completed groundwater modeling of the effect of wastewater and stormwater discharge from thirteen detention basins on nearby foundations, leach fields, and wetland resources for a Groundwater Discharge Permit application. Because the new SAS area would be located in a Zone II, GHC conducted a time-of-travel analysis to determine whether the SAS location would meet the two-year time-of-travel requirement.
  • Falmouth, Massachusetts, 2004 - Provided geohydrologic services in support of a permit application to discharge treated waste and process water to groundwater for Woods Hole Oceanographic Quissett Campus.
  • Wrentham, Massachusetts, 2004 - Completed groundwater modeling for a Groundwater Discharge Permit application of the effect of wastewater and stormwater discharge from two detention basins on nearby leach fields and wetland resources.
  • Easton, Massachusetts, 2004 - Provided geohydrologic services, including observation well installations, aquifer testing and analyses, and groundwater modeling in support of a application for a Groundwater Discharge Permit to discharge 17,000 GPD of treated wastewater to groundwater for a residential development.
  • Dighton, Massachusetts, 2004 - Provided geohydrologic services, including observation well installations, aquifer testing and analyses, and groundwater modeling in support of a application for a Groundwater Discharge Permit to discharge 17,000 GPD of treated waste water to groundwater for a residential development.
  • Sherborn, Massachusetts, 2004-2005 - Provided geohydrologic services, including observation well installations, aquifer testing and analyses, and groundwater modeling in support of a application for a Groundwater Discharge Permit to discharge 18,000 GPD of treated wastewater to groundwater for a residential development.
  • Weston, Massachusetts, 2004-2006 - Completed groundwater modeling of the effect of wastewater and stormwater discharge from twenty detention basins on nearby foundations, leach fields, and wetland resources for a Groundwater Discharge Permit application. Because the new SAS area would be located in a Zone II, GHC conducted a time-of-travel analysis to determine whether the SAS location would meet the two-year time-of-travel requirement.
  • Sturbridge, Massachusetts, 2005 - Provided geohydrologic services, including exploration for suitable disposal areas, observation well installations, aquifer testing and analyses, and groundwater modeling in support of a application for a Groundwater Discharge Permit to discharge 21,000 GPD of treated wastewater to groundwater for a residential community.
  • Falmouth, Massachusetts, 2005 - Provided geohydrologic services, including exploration for suitable disposal areas, observation well installations, aquifer testing and analyses, and groundwater modeling in support of a application for a Groundwater Discharge Permit to discharge 40,000 GPD of treated wastewater to groundwater for a residential development.
  • Stowe, Massachusetts, 2005-2006 - Provided geohydrologic services, including observation well installations, aquifer testing and analyses, and groundwater modeling in support of a application for a Groundwater Discharge Permit to discharge 38,000 GPD of treated wastewater to groundwater for a suburban shopping center.
  • Chatham, Massachusetts, 2006 - Completed groundwater modeling for a Groundwater Discharge Permit application for an increase in flow of 60,000 gallons per day at an existing destination resort.
  • Halifax, Massachusetts, 2006 - Provided geohydrologic services, including exploration for suitable disposal areas, observation well installations, aquifer testing and analyses, and groundwater modeling in support of a application for a Groundwater Discharge Permit to discharge 60,000 GPD of treated wastewater to groundwater for a residential community.
  • Seekonk, Massachusetts, 2006 - Provided geohydrologic services, including observation well installations, aquifer testing and analyses, and groundwater modeling in support of a application for a Groundwater Discharge Permit to discharge 120,000 GPD of treated wastewater to groundwater for a golf course and residential community.
  • Wayland, Massachusetts, 2007 - Conducted a nutrient loading analysis for the Town of Wayland to assess the impacts of residential development at a former Nike Site on a nearby town well.
  • Sharon, Massachusetts, 2007 - Conducted an analysis of the nutrient loading impacts of a proposed commercial development.
  • Pembroke, Massachusetts, 2007 - Completed groundwater modeling for a Groundwater Discharge Permit application for a 25,740 gallons per day residential development.
  • Sharon, Massachusetts, 2007 - Completed groundwater modeling of the effect of wastewater and stormwater discharge on nearby foundations, leach fields, and wetland resources for a Groundwater Discharge Permit application. Because the new SAS area would be located in a Zone II, GHC conducted a time-of-travel analysis to determine whether the SAS location would meet the two-year time-of-travel requirement.
  • Sharon, Massachusetts, 2007 - Provided geohydrologic services, including exploration for suitable disposal areas, observation well installations, aquifer testing and analyses, and groundwater modeling in support of a application for a Groundwater Discharge Permit to discharge 35,000 GPD of treated wastewater to groundwater for a residential community and 60,000 GPD of treated wastewater for a commercial development.
  • Kingston, Massachusetts, 2007-2009 - Completed groundwater modeling for a Groundwater Discharge Permit application for a residential and commercial development proposed to discharge 246,000 gallons per day of treated wastewater. The modeling also included assessing the effects of stormwater discharges to groundwater.
  • Oak Bluffs, Massachusetts, 2009 - Completed groundwater mounding modeling for a Groundwater Discharge Permit application for a 193,000 gallons per day municipal discharge. Because the new SAS area would be located in a Zone II, GHC conducted a time-of-travel analysis to determine whether the SAS location would meet the two-year time-of-travel requirement.
  • Swansea, Massachusetts, 2009 - Completed groundwater mounding modeling for a Groundwater Discharge Permit application for a 20,800 gallons per day discharge at an existing commercial development.
  • Duxbury, Massachusetts, 2010 - Completed groundwater mounding modeling for a Groundwater Discharge Permit application for a 68,000 gallons per day discharge at a proposed residential development.
  • Shrewsbury, Massachusetts, 2010 - Completed groundwater mounding modeling for a Groundwater Discharge Permit application for a 26,400 gallons per day discharge at a proposed residential development.
  • Yarmouth, Massachusetts, 2009/2010 - Completed an analysis of the nutrient loading impacts for two proposed commercial developments using the model developed by the Cape Cod Commission.
  • Middleboro, Massachusetts, 2011 - Completed groundwater mounding modeling for a Groundwater Discharge Permit application for a 16,050 gallons per day discharge at an existing commercial facility.
  • Leicester, Massachusetts, 2011 - Completed groundwater mounding modeling for a Groundwater Discharge Permit application for system to replace a 21,000 gallons per day failing leach field at residential community.
  • Leicester, Massachusetts, 2011 - Compiled a New Source Approval application for two replacement bedrock wells for an existing residential facility.
  • Manchester-by-the-Sea, Massachusetts, 2011 - Completed groundwater mounding modeling for a Groundwater Discharge Permit application for a 8,800 gallons per day discharge for a proposed residential development.
  • Sudbury, Massachusetts, 2012 - Completed groundwater mounding modeling for a Groundwater Discharge Permit application for a 20,000 gallons per day discharge at a proposed residential development.
  • Monterey, Massachusetts, 2012 - Completed a nutrient loading analysis for a working farm that included individual septic systems, leachate lagoons, grazing animals and field crops.
  • Carlisle, Massachusetts, 2012 - Completed the New Source Approval process for a bedrock well for a age-restricted living facility that was sponsored by the Town of Carlisle. The application was successful and a water supply permit was awarded.
  • Cohasset, Massachusetts, 2013 - Completed groundwater mounding modeling for a Groundwater Discharge Permit application for a 18,920 gallons per day discharge at a proposed residential development.
  • Oak Bluffs, Massachusetts, 2014 - As an extension of work completed in 2009, developed and calibrated a groundwater model of Martha’s Vineyard to demonstrate how groundwater recharge and normal well pumping can effect the size of a Zone II and the location of proposed wastewater sand beds. The modeling also demonstrated that the location of the sand beds meets the 2 year time-of-travel requirement.
  • Andover, Massachusetts, 2014 - Completed groundwater mounding modeling for a Groundwater Discharge Permit application for a 34,660 gallons per day discharge at a proposed residential development.
  • Cambridge, Massachusetts, 2014 - Completed groundwater modeling to demonstrate the extent of groundwater mounding in three areas of the city where porous pavement will be used to infiltrate the first inch of runoff to improve the quality of storm water.
  • Hanover, Massachusetts, 2015 - Completed groundwater mounding modeling for a Groundwater Discharge Permit application for a 15,390 gallons per day discharge at a proposed residential development.
  • Southborough, Massachusetts, 2015 - Completed groundwater mounding modeling for a Groundwater Discharge Permit application for a 120,000 gallons per day discharge at a proposed residential development.
  • Sharon, Massachusetts, 2015 - Completed groundwater modeling for a Groundwater Discharge Permit application for a 44,000 gallon per day treated wastewater discharge, and the groundwater modeling for stormwater discharge at a proposed residential development. The modeling included estimating the 2-year groundwater travel time to a nearby municipal well.
  • Wrentham, Massachusetts, 2016 - Completed a Geohydrologic Evaluation for the groundwater mounding modeling application for a 111,000 gallons per day discharge at a proposed multi-use project, including: commercial, restaurant, and residential.
  • Swansea, Massachusetts, 2016 - Completed a Geohydrologic Evaluation for the groundwater mounding modeling for a Groundwater Discharge Permit application for a 21,000 gallons per day discharge at an existing shopping mall.
  • Boxborough, Massachusetts, 2016 - Completed a New Source Approval for two bedrock wells that are proposed for a residential community in Boxborough.
  • Milford, Massachusetts, 2017 - Completed a Hydrogeologic Evaluation for a proposed residential community for the discharge of 55,000 gallons per day of treated wastewater.
  • West Tisbury, Massachusetts, 2017 - Completed groundwater flow and transport modeling for a proposed residential development on Martha's Vineyard to estimate impacts to adjacent residential wells.
  • Townsend, Massachusetts, 2017 - Completed a Hydrogeologic Evaluation for an existing shopping mall that was upgrading it's 27,500 gallon per day wastewater discharge.
  • Boxborough, Massachusetts, 2017 - Conducted groundwater flow and transport modeling for a small residential community to evaluate the possibility for wastewater constituents migrating to a nearby water supply well.
  • Norfolk, Massachusetts, 2018 - Completed a Hydrogeologic Evaluation for a proposed residential development that is planning on discharging 64,000 gallons per day of treated wastewater to groundwater.
  • Wenham, Massachusetts, 2018 - Completed a groundwater modeling exercise to evaluate the potential to discharge 6,600 gallons per day of wastewater, and to evaluate the possible impacts due to storm water infiltration.
  • Attleboro, Massachusetts, 2018 - Conducted groundwater mounding modeling to evaluate the potential impacts of infiltrating a 100-year storm event to adjacent properties.
  • Hanover, Massachusetts, 2018 - Completed a Hydrogeologic Evaluation for a proposed specialty meat market and restaurant to discharge 6,530 gallons per day to groundwater.
  • Bolton, Massachusetts, 2018 - Completed a Hydrogeologic Evaluation for a regional high school to discharge 24,000 gallons per day of treated wastewater.
  • Bourne, Massachusetts, 2018 - Completed a Hydrogeologic Evaluation for a proposed mixed-use development to discharge 25,000 gallons per day of treated wastewater.